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He was the tactical victory in several —63 battles and generally performed well on the tactical defensive against Grant in However, Robert E Lee Tactics proved fatally defective. His tactical defects were that he was too aggressive on the field, he frequently failed to take charge of the battlefield, his battle plans were too complex or simply ineffective, and his orders were too vague or discretionary.

Robert E. Lee | Biography, Facts, Quotes, & Accomplishments | grapemovid.tk

Although sometimes creative particularly when Stonewall Jackson was involved , too often those tactics failed to adequately consider the advantages new weaponry gave to defensive forces. This advanced weaponry made assaults increasingly difficult. Despite the fact that seven of eight Civil War frontal assaults failed, Lee just kept attacking.

The North had more advanced weaponry and had it earlier in the war. Its Model Springfield rifle, with an effective range of — yards, could kill at a distance of 1, yards or more.

Demonstrating this trend, Rhode Islander Elisha Hunt Rhodes experienced an improvement in weaponry during the war. I have borrowed these guns from the 37th Mass. Appreciation of the great reliance upon rifles by both sides in the conflict can be gleaned from the following estimates provided by Paddy Griffith in his thought-provoking Battle Tactics of the Civil War. He estimated that the Confederate Government procured , smoothbore muskets and , rifles and that the Union obtained , smoothbores and an astounding 3,, rifles, including , breechloaders and , repeaters.

The increased effectiveness of breechloaders, rather than muzzleloaders, was demonstrated by Union cavalry on the first day at Gettysburg July 1, and by Union defenders on the second day at Chickamauga just two months later.


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The improved arms gave the defense a tremendous advantage against exposed attacking infantry or cavalry. Similar improvements in artillery ranges and accuracy also aided the defense. The Democratic campaign, eager to publicize the endorsement, published the statement widely in newspapers. They have grown up in our midst, and we have been accustomed from childhood to look upon them with kindness.

But this opposition springs from no feeling of enmity, but from a deep-seated conviction that, at present, the negroes have neither the intelligence nor the other qualifications which are necessary to make them safe depositories of political power. In his public statements and private correspondence, Lee argued that a tone of reconciliation and patience would further the interests of white Southerners better than hotheaded antagonism to federal authority or the use of violence.

Lee repeatedly expelled white students from Washington College for violent attacks on local black men, and publicly urged obedience to the authorities and respect for law and order. By doing this and encouraging our citizens to engage in the duties of life with all their heart and mind, with a determination not to be turned aside by thoughts of the past and fears of the future, our country will not only be restored in material prosperity, but will be advanced in science, in virtue and in religion.

On September 28, , Lee suffered a stroke. He died two weeks later, shortly after 9 a. According to one account, his last words on the day of his death, were "Tell Hill he must come up! Strike the tent", [] but this is debatable because of conflicting accounts and because Lee's stroke had resulted in aphasia , possibly rendering him unable to speak.

At first no suitable coffin for the body could be located. The muddy roads were too flooded for anyone to get in or out of the town of Lexington. An undertaker had ordered three from Richmond that had reached Lexington, but due to unprecedented flooding from long-continued heavy rains, the caskets were washed down the Maury River. Two neighborhood boys, C. Chittum and Robert E. Hillis, found one of the coffins that had been swept ashore.

Undamaged, it was used for the General's body, though it was a bit short for him. As a result, Lee was buried without shoes.

The Tangled History of Confederate Generals at West Point and in the US Army: What’s in a Name?

Among the supporters of the Confederacy, Lee came to be even more revered after his surrender than he had been during the war, when Stonewall Jackson had been the great Confederate hero. He was a foe without hate; a friend without treachery; a soldier without cruelty; a victor without oppression, and a victim without murmuring.

He was a public officer without vices; a private citizen without wrong; a neighbour without reproach; a Christian without hypocrisy, and a man without guile. He was a Caesar, without his ambition; Frederick, without his tyranny; Napoleon, without his selfishness, and Washington, without his reward.


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  4. By the end of the 19th century, Lee's popularity had spread to the North. According to my notion of military history there is as much instruction both in strategy and in tactics to be gleaned from General Lee's operations of as there is to be found in Napoleon's campaigns of Military historians continue to pay attention to his battlefield tactics and maneuvering, though many think he should have designed better strategic plans for the Confederacy.

    He was not given full direction of the Southern war effort until late in the conflict. Historian Eric Foner writes that at the end of his life,. Lee has been commemorated on U. A second "regular-issue" stamp was issued in His horse Traveller is pictured in the background.

    Robert E. Lee: Quotes, Interesting Facts, Military Tactics, Career, History (1998)

    Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia was commemorated on its th anniversary on November 23, , with a 3-cent postage stamp. The central design is a view of the university, flanked by portraits of generals George Washington and Robert E. The stamp was issued on September 19, , in conjunction with the dedication of the Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial in Georgia on May 9, The design of the stamp replicates the memorial, the largest high relief sculpture in the world.

    It is carved on the side of Stone Mountain feet above the ground. Stone Mountain also led to Lee's appearance on a commemorative coin , the Stone Mountain Memorial half dollar. During the s and '30s dozens of specially designed half dollars were struck to raise money for various events and causes. This issue had a particularly wide distribution, with 1,, minted. Unlike some of the other issues it remains a very common coin. The auction included more than documents of Lee's from the estate of the parents of Willcox that had been in the family for generations.

    South Carolina sued to stop the sale on the grounds that the letters were official documents and therefore property of the state, but the court ruled in favor of Willcox. In , after the war, Lee was paroled and signed an oath of allegiance , asking to have his citizenship of the United States restored. However, his application was misplaced and as a result he did not receive a pardon and his citizenship was not restored.

    Lee was introduced into the Senate by Senator Harry F. Byrd Jr. I-VA , the result of a five-year campaign to accomplish this. The resolution, which enacted Public Law , was passed, and the bill was signed by President Gerald Ford on September 5. Lee opposed the construction of public memorials to Confederate rebellion on the grounds that they would prevent the healing of wounds inflicted during the war. Lee Circle is situated along New Orleans's famous St.

    Charles Avenue. Around the corner from Lee Circle is New Orleans's Confederate museum , which contains the second-largest collection of Confederate memorabilia in the world. In Tivoli Circle, New Orleans, from the centre and apex of its green flowery mound, an immense column of pure white marble rises in the On its dizzy top stands the bronze figure of one of the world's greatest captains.

    He is alone. Not one of his mighty lieutenants stand behind, beside or below him.

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    His arms are folded on that breast that never knew fear, and his calm, dauntless gaze meets the morning sun as it rises, like the new prosperity of the land he loved and served so masterly, above the far distant battle fields where so many thousands of his gray veterans lie in the sleep of fallen heroes. Arlington House, The Robert E.

    Stonewall Jackson

    During the Civil War, the grounds of the mansion were selected as the site of Arlington National Cemetery , in part to ensure that Lee would never again be able to return to his home. The United States designated the mansion as a National Memorial to Lee in , a mark of widespread respect for him in both the North and South. This monument to Lee was unveiled on May 29, ; over , people attended this dedication.